Where is the Fish-pool?
The pool is shown on the OS Map sheet No. 148, grid reference 335560. Landholding number HE40398. It can be approached from the A480 along the public footpath which starts at “The Old Station” or from the A44 (HR5 3HS) on the footpath which starts opposite The Bungalow by the junction of the Titley road. The actual pool is not on a public right-of-way, but the owner is happy for you to cross the 100yds or so of his property as long as you respect his rights and your dogs do not foul the land anywhere near his cider-apple trees. Any trace of fouling will ruin his whole crop which is harvested off the ground each autumn. The pool is very close to the centre of Lyonshall village. Why is the Fish-pool important?The pool is well over 600 years old and it is a haven for a wide variety of plants and wildlife. Since starting in January 2011 we have recorded over 71 pond & marginal plants, 25 trees and shrubs, 23 birds, 16 insects, 11 amphibians and water creatures, 7 fungi (Poisonous and edible) and 5 mammals.
Mallard ducks are swimming in the pool, with their ducklings in tow, and the moorhens have nested. We are awaiting the Summer with interest as that will bring dragonflies and many other birds, bugs and flowers. Of special interest will be the amphibians (the pool was full of frogspawn in March) and the small native fish.
We think we have found “Ratty the Water Vole’s” home hole but we are leaving them in peace as they are rare and threatened. In the past Otters and Swans have used the pool. Can we achieve that again?
The sources are as follows:
a. 1545. The “Vaughan Family” Archives.
b. 1536. The De Clifford ecclesiastical holding of “The Vicarage at Leonhales” is shown in “The Valor Ecclesiasticus
” of Hing Henry VIII (Vol 3, page 31). An 1807 copy in Latin is held by The Hereford Archives
. It is shown also in the de Clifford family archive.
c. 1539. The “Rectory holdings” of The Priory at Leominster are shown in the “Valor Ecclesiasticus
” (Vol 3, page 29).
d. 1290-1481. For all land grants made to The Church and exemptions from Royal Taxation see The National Archives
e. 1086. See the “Domesday Book
” for reference to “Lenehalle”.
f. 1046. For reference to Harald Godwynson
see “The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
g. 778-796. For Reference to King Offa’s campaigns in the Herefordshire see the “Anglo-Saxon Chronicles”.
h. 1388 and King Richard II - National Archives